Seattle Genetics, Inc., Pharmaceutical/Biotech Company.
Platinum chemotherapy is the standard for patients (pts) with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) in the first line (1L) setting. In cisplatin-ineligible pts, gem/carbo is a standard therapy, but is poorly tolerated with limited durability and survival. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab (P), have shown promising durability in this setting for PD-L1 high patients. Enfortumab vedotin (EV) is an antibody-drug conjugate that delivers the microtubule-disrupting agent MMAE to cells expressing Nectin-4, which is highly expressed in UC. EV has shown activity in previously treated mUC. Initial EV + P data were previously presented (Hoimes ESMO 2019); this provides first durability data and an update on safety/ORR.
This multicohort study (NCT03288545) evaluated the safety/activity of EV + P. We report a cohort of 1L cis-ineligible patients treated with EV 1.25 mg/kg + P. In each 3-week cycle, EV was administered on Days 1 and 8 and P on Day 1. The primary endpoint was safety/tolerability; secondary objectives included determination of recommended EV dose, ORR, DCR, DOR/PFS per RECIST v1.1, and OS.
As of 8 Oct 2019, 45 mUC pts (median age 69 yr [51–90]) received a median of 9 (range 1-22) cycles of EV + P. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (AE) were fatigue (58%, 11% ≥G3), alopecia (53%), and peripheral sensory neuropathy (53%, 4% ≥G3). One pt died due to an AE reported as related (multiple organ failure). With a median follow-up of 11.5 mo, confirmed investigator-assessed ORR was 73.3% (95% CI, 58.1, 85.4) including 15.6% CRs; DCR was 93.3%. The ORR in pts with liver metastasis was 53.3% (8/15). The ORR in pts with available PD-L1 status was 78.6% in PD-L1 high (11/14) and 63.2% in PD-L1 low (12/19). Of the 33 responders, 18 (55%) have ongoing responses including 11 responses beyond 10 months. The median DOR was not reached (range 1.2 to 12.9+ mo). The median PFS was 12.3 mo (95% CI, 7.98, -).
In 1L cis-ineligible pts with mUC, EV + P, a potential platinum free option, demonstrates promising activity and durability, with a manageable safety profile. Further evaluation of EV + P in mUC and muscle-invasive UC is ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT03288545